Why Infertility Happens? Top 10 Medical Causes

Over the years, infertility problem has increased due to various reasons. There are different factors behind infertility among men and women.

 

Let’s take a look at top 10 medical reasons behind infertility.

 

1. Ovulation Disorder

 

There is a wide range of reasons a woman may have unpredictable ovulation cycles or no ovulation. Hormonal imbalance is the main cause behind infertility among women.

 

2. Blocked Fallopian Tubes

 

In women, the fallopian tubes are the ways in which the ova travel from the ovaries into the uterus. If there is a blockage in fallopian tubes, then it becomes difficult to become conceive.

 

3. Low Sperm Count

 

Specialists have researched and established that 20 million sperm for each ml or more is ideal sperm count. If the count is less than that then it is termed as ‘low sperm count’.

 

4. Poor Sperm Health

 

This incorporates sperm motility (movement of the sperm, tail whip) and morphology (shape/legitimate development of the sperm and DNA). 30% of infertility cases are because of poor sperm health.

 

5. Endometriosis

 

Endometriosis occurs when excess endometrium lining of the uterus that usually develops for the embedding of the egg, fail to shed during periods. 40% to 50% of infertility cases in females occur because of endometriosis.

 

6. Poor Egg Health

 

There are different elements that may affect the health of the eggs and ovaries such as stress, hormones in the diet, environmental elements, ageing and lifestyle.

 

7. Anti-sperm Antibodies

 

In a few people, semen can result in an immune response, and this can occur in both males and females. Antibodies are activated amid the immune response that works to eliminate the sperm. High quantities of sperm antibodies can make it troublesome for the sperm to reach the egg, or to enter the egg. Anti-sperm antibodies may additionally harm sperm that survive, which increases possibility of miscarriage.

 

8. PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome)

 

PCOS is credited to hormonal imbalance in a woman’s body. This imbalance may result in abnormal menstrual cycle, cysts in the ovaries, acne, weight gain, insulin resistance, and Hirsutism (unwanted body hair/diminishing head hair). Not every female with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome have the majority of the symptoms, or may just have a couple of the symptoms. The symptoms of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome can vary from patient to patient. This makes visiting the best Gynec in Mumbai quite crucial. There’s no need to worry as PCOS is an extremely normal condition, influencing 5-20% of women in reproductive age.

 

9. Vas Deferens Blockage

 

The Vas Deferens is the tube in which sperm travel. Vas Deferens Blockage is also called as epididymis blockage. Varicose veins (Varicocele) of the gonads are the main cause behind this blockage. However, this problem can be resolved by visiting the best gynaecologist in Mumbai West.

 

10. Combination Infertility

 

This type of infertility problem happens when both partners (male and female) are diagnosed to have at least one or more issues with fertility. Around 25-35% cases of infertility are because of combination infertility.

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