South Indian Temple Architecture And Medieval Architecture

UPSC general studies paper which includes Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society. In this article write about South Indian Temple Architecture and Medieval architecture. Which belongs to the Indian Culture.

UPSC Civil Services Indian History Book contains the syllabus of  Revision of the previous lecture on Indus valley civilization; Mauryan and post-Mauryan period (Buddhist Art); Gupta age –and Sculpture; Gandhar-Mathura and Amravati schools. Styles of temples: Nagarr, Dravida and Vesara. Modhera sun temple, Temple architecture and its five development stages. Kailasha temple, Three subschools of Temple (1) Odisha school (2) Chandella school/Khajuraho school (2) Solanki school-maru-gurjar school, Dravidian cave – Dominant features.

Apart from that Civil Service History Books Which includes Dravid school of temple, Sculpture of Chola age, Rashtrakuta school of art, Vesara school of temple , Four styles of Dravidian (1) Pallava art  (2) Chola art  (3) Nayaka art  (4)  Vijayanagar art, Sculpture of Gupta age

Medieval Architecture

UPSC History Books includes  the Features of Medieval Trabeate style and Arcuate style, Features of Indo-Islamic under Mughal period, Charbagh style, Delhi sultanate-Provincial styles  (1)Bengal school of art (2)Malwa school of Art (3)Jaunpur school of art (4)Bijapur school of art, Pietra dura technique, Arabesque method, under Delhi sultanate-(1)Slave dynasty  (2) Khilji dynasty (3) Tughlaq dynasty (4) Lodhi dynasty, Green building in India, Sikh form of Rajputana form of, under the reign on Mughal Kings: Babur, Humayun, Akbar, Jahangir, Shahjahan , Aurangzebm, Contribution of lourie baker, Indira Paryavaran Bhawan, Modern Indian: Iberian style vs Gothic style, Indo gothic style, Neo roman style, Tomb, Use of water in Mughal.

Stupa & Pillar- Mauryan Age; Post Mauryan Sculpture

Court art of this period: state initiatives- stupa and pillars. Stupa –, gateway, Post Maurya Period Cave- Karle. Sarnath Pillar, Bull capital of – Rampurva, Bihar and Rockcut elephant at Odisha, Mauryan pillar: design, feature, purpose; how are they different than achamanian pillars, Popular Art of this period: individual art, sculpture, pottery and caves. Sunga influence on Mauryan Sculpture, Bamiyan in Afghanistan- Features and Fall of. Sculpture schools: Gandhar, Mathura, Amarvati- features and comparison, Gandhara sculpture owed as much to the romans as to the greeks.

AC1/P3: Cave architecture- Gupta Age, Ajanta-Ellora

History Book for UPSC includes Gupta age- temple and cave – salient features of, Gupta Age-  Sarnath school of sculpture, Cave development in various periods, features and location factor. Misc. Caves: Nasik, Udavalli, Udaygiri, Eladipattam, Ajanata Caves- notable features, phases of development, themes, paintings and technical aspects. Buddhist caves, Jain Caves, Indra Sabha, Junagadh caves,Elephanta caves, Notable caves- Bhimbetka caves, Kanheri caves, Jogeshwari caves, Mandapeshwa, Kalre, Bhaja, Bedsa, Hindu Kaves, Kailasha Cave

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