8 Intrauterine Contraceptive Devices – An Overview

An intrauterine contraceptive device is one of the most commonly used methods of child birth control. This is long lasting, high efficacy, safe, cost effective and easy. The contraceptive device in India is used by more and more women for prevention against pregnancy. Physicians whose primary responsibility is women’s health play a leading role in providing information and access to iuds impacts. This is an outpatient surgery thus; most of the people go straight back home and carry on their regular duties as normal. Even though there are disadvantages in use of iud the advantages are far more.

There are majorly two types of Intrauterine devices in India that are used and recommended by trained professionals for an effective mode of child of birth control. The choice depends on the health condition of the women and the cost involved. Both birth control methods have difference in their costs. Mentioned below are few details to understand both methods better.

Copper Intrauterine Contraceptive Devices: These types of iud prevents implantation of a fertilised egg into the uterus. This is 99% effective in preventing pregnancy. The side effects of this would be mild to moderate pain, cramping and back pain during the initial days of insertion, spotting between periods and irregular periods.

Hormonal Intrauterine Contraceptive Devices: This type of iud slowly releases small amounts of hormone progestin to stop sperm from reaching the egg. This is similar to birth control pills. The hormones also thicken the cervical mucus to prevent sperm from swimming to the egg and thin the uterine lining to stop a fertilised egg from implanting. However, these cause side effects like breast tenderness, nausea, mood changes, weight gain and acne.

A trained doctor is capable enough to conclude tests before he advices the best method of birth control considering the results. Depending on the comfort zone of the patient one can make a choice whether to see a male or a female doctor. Both advices would be beneficial for the patient.

Advantages of Intrauterine Contraceptive Devices

  1.    Both copper and hormonal iuds are more than 99% effective in birth control
  2.    Both types last for 5 to 10 years
  3.    The device can be taken out any time by a trained doctor
  4.    The chances of getting pregnant go back to normal as soon as it is removed

Things to be kept in mind

  1.    After a hormonal iud has been put in one may have frequent or irregular periods for 3 to 5 months
  2.    In case of copper iud the periods may be heavier and more painful
  3.    There is a major cost difference in both
  4.    They are difference in medical conditions for both the iuds
  5.    Both types of iuds do not provide any protection against sexually transmitted diseases
  6.    Because bacteria may be introduced during the insertion into the uterus a sight risk of infection may occur during the first month of use.

7.    The best way to lessen the risk of sexually transmitted diseases is to make use of condoms with all new sexual partners.

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