There was a time when you could walk into any home and figure out how old the building was from the tiles used in it. These days, a homeowner can give every room of the house a luxurious, rustic or elegant impression, just by using any of the staggering variety of tiles on offer in the market. But with the endless choices, also come the endless questions – what size of tile to use, which kind in which room and which tiles to use on the floor and walls? Here’s our extensive guide:
All about tiles
Tiles are obtained by mixing raw materials widely available in nature (clay, sand, etc.), and working this mixture in its unfired state into the desired shape. The product is then fired at high temperatures, depending on its composition and type – glazed or unglazed, matte or glossy. Broadly, there are three kinds of tiles available in the market – ceramic, porcelain and vitrified.
Ceramic tiles are available in many designs & in matte, glazed & glossy finishes. They are cheaper than vitrified tiles, and generally used in areas that see less traffic. All ceramic tiles are vitrified to a certain extent.
Porcelain tiles are a variety of ceramic tiles. They are also vitrified and stronger than ceramic tiles. Vitrified tiles are both ceramic & porcelain tiles that have been made through a different burning process. They have a glass protective layer and are stronger and more durable than any other variety. These are the tiles generally used in public spaces.

Size-it-up
Tiles these days are available in a plethora of sizes. Some popular sizes for floors include 300×600 mm, 600×600 mm, 610×610 mm and 800×800 mm, while wall tiles generally come in sizes of 250x350mm, 300x450mm and 300x600mm. According to experts, bigger tiles do give an illusion of a space, but for the best results, one has to match tiles to room size
The Natural Finish
It is popular trend to use different aspects of nature such as wood and stone. According to experts, there is a very good reason why people prefer imitation tiles instead of the original material.
The current interiors trend is to have wood flooring in bedrooms and stone finishes in drawing rooms. However, various experts caution that before selecting tiles for your home space, keep certain aspects in your mind. Analyse the functionality of each room, and then pick up tiles based on their characteristics. An interior designer can help you.
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