Diabetes – a Side effect of Urban Living
Diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by persistently raised Blood Sugar levels, The reason for this high blood sugar level is the lack of production of insulin, which is made by the pancreas of the human body- as described by Diabetes specialists. Noida is a part of the National capital region and has similar population profile as Delhi, the number of patients with Diabetes is also not less. Diabetes is definitely more prevalent in the urban centres in our country, different studies have shown different rates but it may be prevalent in 8-20 % of urban metro population. As per the official figures in 2014 only there were more than 65 million known diabetics and approx. 77 million people had prediabetes, it is well recognized that for every known diabetic there is one person who’s not aware of being – as informed by leading Diabetes specialist in Delhi.
Uncontrolled diabetes leads to complications, this is the reason Diabetes doctor in Delhi Noida Ghaziabad or any other region always stress on the need for a very tight control over diabetes and all its aspects. The main complications of Diabetes are:
Cardiovascular:- causing Heart Attack and Stroke, Diabetes specialist in Delhi are most worried about these as they are the main cause of death in Diabetic patients- who do not die of their natural death but from Heart Attack and Stroke.
Retinopathy:- Leading to Blindness and vision loss; This is one of the most debilitating complications as informed by Diabetes doctors in Delhi.
Nephropathy:- Kidney failure ultimately requiring Dialysis and Renal transplantation
Neuropathy: Diabetic peripheral neuropathy may result in pain, tingling and numbness in feet, small cuts may not get infected as they are not cared for and lead to gangrene of the feet- a part of the foot may be amputated to save life.
Autonomic Neuropathy:- affects many organs like heart, stomach, urinary bladder- it may result in masking the symptoms of Heart Attack and Angina- Diabetics frequently suffer from Silent Heart attacks when they do not feel any pain even after suffering from a Heart Attack- this is also very worrisome for Diabetes Specialists, Noida has many state of art cardiac care centres, when contacted about the presence of Silent angina most of the cardiologist reported regularly seeing cases where patients are brought to the medical emergency room unconscious and are diagnosed with Myocardial Infarction, but when later asked about the symptoms most patients do not real any chest pain as would be expected in such cases.
The main cause of this sudden explosion in number of diabetes as explained by Diabetologist in Delhi NCR is the sedentary lifestyle and unhealthy eating habits. People are so busy in their work on the workstations that they have no time for themselves – for going to the park for a walk, stroll or playing outdoor games, physical activity has become very limited.
Add on to that the unhealthy food habits, with predominance of Fast Food rich in calories made from refined wheat flour ( Maida), Fried , Sweets and easily assimilated leads to high Blood Sugar and Cholesterol levels which ultimately lead to atherosclerosis and formation of plaques which block our arteries in the vital organs like Heart and Brain causing the dreadful complications of Diabetes.